Thermal Wounds

Burning and Frostbite

Thermal Wounds

Burning and Frostbite

In medicine one speaks of thermal wounds, if extreme heat or cold damages the tissue. In adults, the skin burns when exposed to temperatures above 65 ° C. In children, burns occur as low as 50 ° C.
Not only open flames lead to burns, hot steam or sun rays can cause different burns. Frostbite is damage to the tissue due to cold. In this case, depending on the effects of cold, localized areas may be affected – for example, the nose – or just the whole organism. As a result, the tissue is similarly damaged as when exposed to heat. The affected areas should therefore be treated like thermal wounds.
Depending on the cause and duration of the action, skin damage of varying depths can occur which, depending on the degree of burn, can also cause skin cells to die irrevocably.
auch dazu führen können, dass Hautzellen unwiderruflich absterben.

Symptoms of Burns:

The Severity Levels

Not all symptoms occur immediately, but often become apparent only a few hours after the burn. The reason for this so-called afterburning is that combustion or scalding continues to progress over time. Because our skin is very well insulated, it can store heat energy over a period of time. Thus, a superficial can become a deep burning.
For this reason, the degree of severity – which depends on the symptoms – usually only set some time after the accident.

1st degree burn

  • Only the epidermis is affected.
  • The skin area is red and hurts.
  • It can cause a slight swelling.

Burning often heals itself and usually leaves no scar.

2nd degree burn

  • Extends to the dermis (located under the epidermis), which contains sweat and sebaceous glands.
  • The area hurts very much, is red and swollen.
  • It comes to blistering
  • Often a scar remains.


3rd degree burn


  • The subcutaneous tissue is also affected (complete destruction of the epidermis and dermis).
  • The effect of heat leaves white (cook-over) or black (charred) tissue.
  • Affected persons usually have no pain as the skin nerves are damaged.
  • The tissue can not recover.
  • The dead tissue usually needs to be surgically removed.
  • Large burns may require skin grafting.


What to do in case of burns:

The response should depend on the severity of the burn. In general, once bubbles have formed (2nd degree burn) or the injury is more extensive, a doctor should always be consulted.
After initial treatment of the burn, it should be treated with Liquid Clean Gel to promote the healing process in the regeneration phase.
For this reason, the degree of severity – which depends on the symptoms – usually only determinable some time after the accident.


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